Publications

Filter Publications

Filter by Continent

Filter by Country

Filter by topic of interest:

Omega's publications provide researchers, policy makers and the media with information, data and policy recommendations which are independent and rigorously researched using open sources.

We work with an international network of partners and associates to disseminate our findings.

Omega's research, policy expertise and images have been used in a wide variety of reports, policy briefings and campaign materials by national, regional and international organisations including Amnesty International, the UN and the European Commission.

Omega's publications - and a selection of publications we have contributed to - can be can be found below for download. If you download a resource, please link to it from your website or share with your professional network.

Please contact us (info@omegaresearchfoundation.org) if you have any questions about our resources.


A review of less lethal weapons manufacturers, trade and misuse
A paper examining the human rights and trade control implication of less lethal weapons
Read More

Contemporary development, promotion and use of remote control riot control agent delivery mechanisms:
Paper examining the challenges of effective state control of the trade in riot control agents
Read More

Action needed now on “remote control” tear gas delivery systems
Omega urges the Chemical Weapons Convention States Parties to address development, proliferation and potential misuse of “wide area” and “remote control” riot control agent (RCA) delivery systems
Read More

Monitoring Weapons and Restraints in Places of Detention: A Practical Guide.
A Practical Guide and Pocket Book for Detention Monitors, Torture Prevention Bodies and other interested parties to assist in monitoring weapons and restraints in places of detention.
Read More

Preventing the Trade in Tools of Torture and Execution
Visualisation setting out how trade controls form an important element in the fight against torture and can help states comply with human rights obligations, including the Nelson Mandela Rules
Read More

Manufacture, trade and use of 'tools of torture' in the Council of Europe, Revised June 2018
Revised Omega report seeking to encourage and inform a process undertaken by the Council of Europe to develop rules targeting the trade in security equipment that could be used to facilitate torture
Read More

Manufacture, trade and use of ‘tools of torture’ in the Council of Europe
Report seeking to inform the process undertaken by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe to develop rules targeting the trade in security equipment that could be used to facilitate torture.
Read More

Joint Briefing: Tackling the Trade in Tools of Torture and Execution Technologies
Joint briefing paper by Omega and Amnesty International on equipment currently being manufactured, promoted, exported and misused that urgently needs to be banned or more robustly regulated.
Read More

Briefing Paper: Use of Tools of Torture in OSCE participating States
Exploratory investigation conducted by the Omega Research Foundation into the trade in and use of law enforcement equipment used for torture and other ill-treatment in OSCE participating States across several regions.
Read More

UN: Time to rein in the global trade in tools of torture
Panel event organised by Omega and Amnesty International at the Human Rights Council on 3rd March 2017 urging governments to close loopholes in international trade law that allow the trade in equipment used to torture detainees. The original presentations are included.
Read More

Time to end police misuse of tear gas. November 2016.
Omega urges the Chemical Weapons Convention States Parties to address misuse of riot control agents in law enforcement
Read More

Combating torture and other ill-treatment: A manual for action. November 2016
This manual describes in detail the prohibition of torture and other ill-treatment in international law, and outlines the safeguards provided by international law and standards against torture and other ill-treatment.
Read More

EU: Time to eradicate the torture trade
Press release urging the European Parliament to vote in favour of strengthening the European Union’s regulation combatting the trade in equipment that can be used to torture, ill-treat or execute people.
Read More

Why the EU Should Ban the Commercial Marketing of Inhumane Policing and Prison Equipment
This report details how legal loopholes have allowed potential tools of torture to be advertised and sometimes displayed at trade fairs within the EU
Read More

Use of Tear Gas on Peaceful Protesters. February 2016.
The report offers a brief summary analysis of Human Rights investigations into the misuse of tear gas on peaceful and civilian protesters member states of the Council of Europe.
Read More

Tear Gassing by Remote Control. December 2015.
This report, concerned with breaches of the CWC, was produced jointly by Bradford Non-Lethal Weapons Research Project and Omega for the Remote Control Project.
Read More

Europe's Trade in Execution and Torture Technology. May 2015.
A joint Amnesty-Omega report highlighting the need for strengthened controls over the trade in torture and execution technologies by the European Union
Read More

Body-Worn Electric Shock Equipment. May 2015.
Poster submitted to the 8th European Symposium on Non-Lethal Weapons, Ettlingen, Germany. The poster addresses concerns about their use, providing recommendations to states.
Read More

Regulation of agent delivery mechanisms under the CWC. April 2013.
"Regulation of “wide area” riot control agent delivery mechanisms under the CWC" is part of an on-going project with Bradford Non-Lethal Weapons Research Project.
Read More

The need to include ammunition in the ATT. March 2013.
This joint PRIO-Omega, argues that ammunition offers specific opportunities to meet the Treaty's principles, goals and objectives, particularly in terms of preventing atrocities.
Read More

Standards for appropriate selection and use. June 2012.
Slide presentation on standards for appropriate selection and use of less lethal technologies, giving an overview of the “use of force” project and its focus.
Read More

No More Delays: Putting an end to the EU trade in “tools of torture”. June 2012.
Joint report on the efficacy and implementation of Council Regulation (EC) which was presented to the Committee on Common Rules for Exports of Products.
Read More

Christof Heyns on the use of lethal force during arrest. November 2011.
Briefing on the forthcoming (2011) report from the Special Rapporteur of the Human Rights Council on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions into the use of lethal force during arrest.
Read More

Police use of force and less lethal weaponry. October 2011.
Omega Research Foundation briefing for the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, as part of a European Commission funded 'use of force' project.
Read More

Arms for Internal Security: Will they be covered by an Arms Trade Treaty? June 2011.
An Amnesty International report looking at proposals to extend the scope of the Arms Trade Treaty.
Read More

Less Lethal Systems and the Appropriate use of Force. March 2011.
The paper argues that the use of less lethal systems, in comparison with lethal weapons, has not been well regulated and monitored, concluding with proposals.
Read More

EU ban on the trade in 'tools of torture'. March 2010.
Amnesty-Omega techincal report seeking to facilitate and inform an EU-led process currently assessing the implementation and effectiveness of EU Regulation 1236/2005.
Read More

Dangerous Ambiguities. October 2009.
Regulation of Riot Control Agents and Incapacitants Under the Chemical Weapons Convention
Read More

The Arms trade Treaty and Military Equipment: The Case for A Comprhensive Scope. July 2009
A review of the proposed scope of the Arms Trade Treaty as of July 2009.
Read More

Blood at the Crossroads. September 2008
An Amnesty International report making the case for a global arms trade treaty. AI Index: ACT 30/015/2008
Read More

Effective laws to control arms in Ireland. Sept 2007.
"Controlling a Deadly Trade" provides recommendations for effective laws in Ireland, arguing that current controls lack transparency and accountability, particularly in terms of "dual-use" goods.
Read More

Globalised trade needs global controls. Oct 2006.
Control Arms argues that changing patterns of ownership and production makes national regulations insufficient in preventing arms from reaching the wrong hands.
Read More

Claws of the Celtic Tiger: Irish Manufacture of Military & Security Equipment and Dual Use Components
Published by Amnesty International's Irish Section as an appendix to the "Undermining Global Security" report.
Read More

Undermining Global Security: The European Union's Arms Exports. February 2004
An Amnesty International report analysing the European Union's arms exports (AI Index: ACT 30/003/2004).
Read More

The Pain Merchants. December 2003.
This report shows why the manufacture, use and transfer of security and police technologies needs to be strictly regulated by governments using common criteria.
Read More

An appraisal of technologies for political control. January 1998.
"An assessment of crowd control technology options for the European Union” grew out of a 1997 Science and Technology Options Assessment report in 1997.
Read More