In South Africa, the trade in certain kinds of firearms and military equipment is controlled for reasons of safety and security. However, there is a gap in legislation when it comes to the control of law enforcement equipment that can facilitate torture and ill treatment. This briefing examines electric shock devices as an example of security equipment that needs stronger trade-control measures. The briefing outlines concerns over the use of electric shock equipment, and discusses the manufacture of these items in South Africa and their export to other countries. It examines trade controls currently in use elsewhere, and provides recommendations for changes to the trade control measures on these products operated by South Africa.